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TODAY'S TOPIC: PELVIC INFLAMMATORY DISEASE (PID)
Pelvic inflammatory disease or pelvic inflammatory disorder (PID ) is an infection of the upper part of the female reproductive system namely the uterus , fallopian tubes , and
ovaries , and inside of the pelvis . Often there may be no symptoms.
Signs and symptoms, when present may include lower abdominal pain, vaginal discharge, fever ,
burning with urination , pain with sex , or
irregular menstruation. Untreated PID can result in long term complications including
infertility , ectopic pregnancy , chronic pelvic pain , and cancer .
The disease is caused by bacteria that spread from the vagina and cervix. Infections by
Neisseria gonorrhoeae or Chlamydia trachomatis are present in 75 to 90 percent of cases. Often multiple different bacteria are involved. Without treatment about 10 percent of those with a chlamydial infection and 40 percent of those with a gonorrhea infection will develop PID. Risk factors are similar to those of sexually transmitted infections generally and include a high number of sexual partners and drug use . Vaginal douching may also increase the risk. The diagnosis is typically based on the presenting signs and symptoms. It is recommended that the disease be considered in all women of childbearing age who have lower abdominal pain. A definitive diagnosis of PID is made by finding pus involving the fallopian tubes during surgery .Ultrasound may also be useful in diagnosis. cocktail dresses for mature women
Efforts to prevent the disease include not having sex or having few sexual partners and using condoms. Screening women at risk for chlamydial infection followed by treatment decreases the risk of PID. If the diagnosis is suspected, treatment is typically advised. Treating a woman's sexual partners should also occur. For treatment, Health Talk & Presentation contact 08053288897 (WhatsApp)
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